The Republic of South Sudan is the youngest nation of Africa. Juba is the capital of South Sudan.
It became an independent country in July 2011 seceding from Sudan after decades of war. Its population was estimated 12,340,000 by the United Nation in 2015. The ethno-linguistic composition of South Sudan includes the Dinka, the Nuer, the Bari, the Azande, the Shilluk and the Murle.
The Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) has been the principal force of the liberation struggle and the ruling party since independence. The landlocked country has been gripped by civil war since 2013 following a power struggle between SPLM leaders, mainly President Salva Kiir and his deputy vice President Riek Machar. Machar is expected to be reinstalled as vice President in April 2016 if the two sides follow through the 2015 peace deal.