Egyptian press highlights anger at Ethiopia's Renaissance Dam [BBC media monitoring]

May 30 2013

[A reader of Danielberhane’s blog paid the required fee to make the following text available for Ethiopian readers]

Ethiopia’s Renaissance Dam is the main theme of Egyptian newspapers on 29 May.

Today’s dailies highlight the news of diverting the Blue Nile course to build the dam on their front pages, with some papers describing it as an act of war or a move that requires a military reaction. The story is also the main focus of today’s editorials and commentaries, which are divided between attacking Ethiopia for building the dam and blaming Egypt’s policies for this situation.Grand Ethiopian Renaissance dam reservoir

Front pages

All of today’s checked papers cover news of Ethiopia’s diversion of the Blue Nile course to build the Renaissance Dam on their front pages. “Even the Nile has been lost; Ethiopia bids ‘Morsi’ farewell by diverting the Blue Nile’s course to build the ‘Renaissance Dam’,” reads the headline of the privately-owned daily Al-Watan.

“Diverting Blue Nile’s course sparks off a flood of Egyptian anger,” reads the headline of the state-owned daily Al-Akhbar.

Some papers, even, focused on the calls for taking military action against Ethiopia.

“Calls for a military action against Ethiopia increase,” reads the headline of the Islamist-oriented daily Al-Misriyun.

“As soon as Morsi’s visit ends, Ethiopia beats the drums of a water war against Egypt,” reads the headline of the privately-owned daily Al-Yawm al-Sabi.

Others stressed the difference between the public and official reaction to the news.

“Official belittling and experts’ exaggeration of the effects of diverting the Blue Nile’s course,” reads the headline of the state-owned daily Al-Ahram.

The Muslim Brotherhood’s (MB) Freedom and Justice Party, on the other hand, adopted the official stance to the effect of waiting until the experts’ committee’s report on the dam is issued.

“Today, the tripartite committee’s report to decide on the Renaissance Dam’s fate,” the paper’s headline reads.


The dam is also the main theme of today’s editorials and commentaries.

In its editorial, the state-owned daily Al-Ahram says: “The fact that Addis Ababa acted before the [experts’ committee] report is announced and declared the diversion of the Blue Nile course means that Ethiopia does not count a lot on the tripartite committee’s opinion and will continue building [the dam].” “It is necessary to start taking a serious and strict action at the international level and to use all cards in our hands to protect our interests; the national security is facing a catastrophic threat so please wake up,” he says.

In the state-owned daily Al-Akhbar, Amany Durgham says: “It is Ethiopia’s right as a state to do what it wants in its natural resources; it is our bad luck that we are bearing the sour fruit of long years, in which Egypt forgot its African extension.” “The important thing now is that we return trust between Egypt and its southern neighbours and to adhere to our international right to the River Nile with all politeness,” she says.

In the privately-owned daily Al-Shuruq, Imad-al-Din Husayn says: “Normally, we should have many pressure cards to protect our rights.” “It is not logical that the card of threatening to intervene militarily becomes the first option,” he says. “The logical thing is to have major economic interests that convince any country in the Nile Basin that it will lose a lot if it made any project that harms Egypt,” he says. “In the issue of the Renaissance Dam, we need to have an internal agreement, a unified vision, negotiations and meetings with the Ethiopian side and the rest of the basin countries and to extend our hand for cooperation with the African brothers; when we use up all these solutions and our interests really get threatened, then we can think about the military solution,” he says.

In the privately-owned daily Al-Tahrir, the paper’s editor-in-chief Ibrahim Isa says: “Ethiopia gave the ruling system in Egypt a painful and humiliating slap.” “The response [of Egypt] is belittling and nonsense or exaggeration but no real, aware, quick and practical response,” he says.

In the privately-owned daily Al-Misri al-Yawm, Muhammad Salmawi says: “It is no longer a secret that the Renaissance Dam that exceeds Ethiopia’s financial and technical capabilities will be implemented via support from Israel and under US sponsorship.” “In addition to the great harm that will be done to Egypt by the Ethiopian dam, it is really regrettable that [one of] the founding state of the African unity, which was established by Egypt under Abd-al-Nassir’s rule with the aim of supporting the independence of the continent’s countries, comes after half a century to follow the orders of one of the world powers, i.e. the USA, and subdue to the influence of one of the small countries, which is Israel,” he says.


  1. yared a

    We do not beg Egyptians by our own property if they continue on their bully.if they attack us they would get heavy consequence. They even should beg us for negotiation for the idiot stance they stood on.It is not difficult for us to control on our property without their jets reach and exposure so that we can make them off the game without forgetting our military reaction. you know we don’t have to only dam if we have to use our water, where there are hundreds of village tributaries that can be diverted from their respective courses and use it and then we can apportion it to the extent that suffices only to Sudan and send it. then we will see them when they came and live with us or fight on our land. Egyptians rulers didn’t learn their people how to work rather being a recipient of arms from Russia now from USA financial and moral support from Arab countries and water from Ethiopia this made them to be reliant and hypnotize rs that made them not to even try alternatives including removing salt from sea water, using ground water, making a maximum use out of little/ increasing water productivity/ that they should learn from Israel and even Libya and other scientific alternatives. This is for the force loving probably minor Egyptians.

  2. birhanu alameneh

    no body stops our dam,may be after all deaths of we Ethiopian’s!. i think today we are good in politics,economy,social backgrounds as well as in all living standards as relative to the previous time. so, every one knows our unity and strength what we have towards external enemy. we look who comes to our dam and we give greeting or fire. dear Egyptian’s come on don’t afraid !!!!!!

  3. YARED AL.

    yared A.
    The reason why we don’t say Mursi, his attack or provocation on Ethiopia on the great dam case /while there is no reason of losing the water/ costs Egypt by any means on her vital property is because M.Mursi is tensioned by the question of Egyptians on his power, and he would like to relive this tension by any means and he chose this case even-though it is untimely /after the experts reported the non negative impact of the dam on Egypt or Sudan/. As the result, the forthcoming foreign minister delegation to Ethiopia should or would not expect any additional article from Ethiopia that would control /share/her property on her land or stop the project, rather than to pass through a zero sum game with Ethiopia so that they could confuse Egypt people and divert their attention. the late PM.Meles stated about the untouched volume of water and the power generated and shared to surrounding countries that could benefit all of us not about the Egyptian access to share our dam on our land.And if there are minor mad intention about using force then they should recall our previous history while we were using backward rifle, we did not compromise on our country’s right rather we fought and did not kneel down and you know the result, and we would continue this if we are forced to enter in an unjust war and they should also think about the coming result too. But the Egyptian community has repeatedly assured the mutual cooperation that we benefit together and we would rather also expect this interest of the Egypt people.

  4. Tesfaye Woldemichael

    Dear Politicians of Egypt!

    The TV show on what you have in mind taught us a lot of lessons. Do not belittle the mighty Ethiopians. We will never forget what you did in separation of Eritrea and losing access to port. Also what you did in Ogaden. Al-amity GOD/Allah will and is paying you for what you did for 90 million people of Ethiopia. This is law of GOD/Allah. But we are not like you and never forget and affect ordinary Egyptians. No body in this planet will stop us from building the Renaissance Dam. We are also sure that it will not affect Egypt’s people water needs. You have a lot of options including ground water exploration, desalinization of ocean…etc. Be transparent to your people
    In stead of dying in starvation we prefer all options you have on table. Be wise like the Pharaohs who are Africans. Use the gray cells of your brain. Boasting, shouting….etc is not the order of the present time.

    Fikadu Meshesha

  5. T.M

    What Ethiopia is doing is to the best interest of sudan and egypt alike , If egypt neglects such a friendly offer and go a head with its agly acts emanated from its agrressive past then it is putting all its eggs in one basket . Egypt you better accept for your good ethiopias offer .the old days are gone , we are in the new era.

  6. Mearig

    If the Egiptians’ mind cannot function to understand that the Ethiopian Dam does not affect the water flow (if not usefull to them) – and choose war, we Ethiopians are ready in the way they wish. Not only protecting our renaissance dam but we attack the Egiptian Aswan dam and flood will take them to the see. You mind-ill Egiptians have not the potential to threaten the historic nation Ethiopia in all measurements.

    1. baby

      First and for most we should have to understand that, we are living in the 21 century that every thing should be solved with discussion. please you guys both Ethiopian and Egypt, i don’t think those consider themselves politicians of Egypt opposition party leaders are politicians. if we listen them just we are the same to wild animals, stupid argument, play like baby. i don’t think so, they stand for the Egyptian people rather they want to take power in such stupid idea. the choice is the people.

  7. NIBU

    Ethiopia ….once was the great state in Axum regime. Even at this civilized nation too.
    so why do some layers in Egypt are trying to disturb ours relation with Egyptian.No one allowed any one to use the right value of Nile for a country besides the river basin. So IT IS THE TIME TO EGYPTIAN TO ADVICE THESE SOME LAYERS IN EGYPT,WHO THINKS BLINDLY FOR THE BLOOD SHADE OF THE TWO SISTERLY COUNTRIES..

  8. Alemnehh

    ሰላም ዳንኤል?
    የፕሮጀክቱን ጉዳይ ለ1 አመት ያህል ሲያጠና የቆየው የሶስቱ ሀገራት ቡድን የሚያቀርበውን ሪፓርት በጉጉት ስጠብቅ ነበር። የኢትዮጵያ መንግስት አሁን ሪፖርቱን ‘ሰበር ዜና’ እያለ ይፋ እያደረገው ነው’። ‘ከመንግስታችን’ መግለጫ እንደተረዳሁት ነገሮች እጅግ በጣም ደስ በሚል መንፈስ ላይ ናቸው። ግን ዛሬ(ከሪፖርቱ ትንሽ ቀደም ብሎ) የግብጽ ሚዲያዎች ያወጡት መረጃ ነገሮችን እንድጠራጠር አድርጎኛል። እስቲ እባክህ አየት አድርገው? በተለይም በኮሚቴው ሪፖርት ዙሪያ ጠለቅ ያለ እውነታ ካለህ?

    1. Sam

      The report, of course seems to have reservations with regard to social and environmental consequences. Our govt. justifiably louds the part that supports the dam. Egyptians, on the other hand magnify the part that supports them. This both politics and diplomacy, brother. So, it seems people know what they are doing and let’s trust them. By the way the full report has not been released and I don’t think it will.

  9. GN_65

    What i would like to strognly remind our leaders is that what so ever preasure comes from egypt or others /be mediators, never sign sign anything less than the Entrebe’s agreament. If that happens then you are making mistake that affect future generation’s gight and beenfit. Better not start Abay than surrendering. that whta our fathers did.

    1. Sam

      Today one authority from Ethiopia has stated that Ethiopia will not entertain any internation mediation. And that seems the right way b/s the main issue that no harm is coming to Sudan and Egypt has been stated in teh report, though social and environmental studies need to be conducted further. Morsi has also said no drop of water should be reduced. For me this is a wise approach that leads to negotiation.

  10. tazabi

    This is the ‘ precursor’ of what was written in Egyptian media. I have read in the English media or translation from Arabic, anything from announcing ‘ war’ to sanctions on any Nation aiding Ethiopia in the form of forbidding it and its companies from utilizing the Suez Canal. Judging by the reaction from the public, we are in for a ; surprise’. Unlike the unofficial media which has mushroomed after the ‘ Revolution, the official response has been muted or docile. Morsi will sure use the ‘ issue’ for his own political advantage sooner than later. The good news is the govt of Egypt, be it through its rep in Addis, cognizant of the situation, as it stands.After all, Ethiopia just abut diverted the natural flow of the river to build the dam along the river bed, no big deal. But, so many Egyptian talking heads have bamboozled the masses otherwise.

    The Egyptians need not send their rackets or bombard our dam, from my observation. If only they go ahead with their threat to use the ‘ Suez canal’ to thwart normal flow of import and export to and from Ethiopia,our economy can sustain serious damage, no ifs or buts. Thus, whether it is to our liking or not, we have to work with them and not around them. The latest out of Cairo, according to Alahram is to refer the matter to the Court of Justice in the Hague. Al Ahram was quoting senior officials and has to be trusted. Though the Egyptians think that the :Law is on their side, i beg to differ.

    When all is tabulated, the positive outweighs the negative. For no one would have believed Ethiopia was capable of building such a gigantic project. The Nation known for ‘ famine’ is being known for having put together one of the largest projects anywhere in the World, The Egyptian leaders have come to their senses and not beating the ‘drum’ of war are even quoted as stating that they have ignored Africa for so long and are willing to talk seriously for this is not the decade -old Nile basin chit chat, but a momentous undertaking opening the eyes of the World and the Egyptian ostriches who hid their heads in the sand dunes. The Ethiopian govt should be on the offensive by hiring top shelf public relations gurus to explain the matter in its entirety to the Egyptian public and the World, at large. Btw, all the talk is about Egypt, what is being said in Khartoum, that is for the next thread.

  11. zelalemawi

    Folks, we have to be very careful when it comes to Egypt. Majority of Egyptians are highly indoctrinated by their successive regimes to think and believe they have only right to do projects on River Nile, which is against the international consensus of border crossing rivers. The more GERD gain momentum, we will face more harassment, hate speeches and intolerable aggressiveness from Egyptians. They already crossed the international relation red line, I am afraid soon Egyptions will cross the diplomacy and economical red line. We must prepare ourselves for the worst to come.

    The bully nature of Egyptian politicians won’t stop here, if they dare to use Suez Canal as an attack weapon, we must be ready for one of the worst wrangling Ethiopia faced ever.

    Since GERD is not an ill intentioned project we Ethiopians have the higher moral ground. However, we have to brace up for an all out attack from Egyptians, be it propaganda, economical, diplomacy, international relations, etc.

    Ethiopians living and travelling abroad have been engaged in intense debate with Egyptians and their misguided propaganda sympathizers. Let us equip ourselves with an upto-date information on Nile and GERD, get engaged in any chance made available about Ethiopia’s GERD project, do not shy off from any sort of argument. The more Ethiopians engage on the dialogue, our high moral ground will continue to get firmer.

    1. Sam

      Yes brother,
      as individuals we should be aware of all the actions that might be taken by Egypt. But as the plan was masterminded by the great Meles, invincible but by death, I’m sure, all the likely response have been considered in the equation and there is a plan B to Z to finally make Ethiopia victorius. So being extrimist and translating it into a hatred rhetoric, surely will have negative impact on the general public of Egypt and is not the way of the 21st century. Now is the time for being reasonable and use such forums rather for public diplomacy and win the minds of our brothers in Egypt, trying to listen them, convince them of the reality and the facts on the ground. These are 1. Ethiopia needs the dam to prosper and make poverty history as Egypt did and does. Ethiopia will use Nile but will not starve Egypt of its precious water resource and should be trusted by Egypt. War and bolckade of suiz is not the way, unless they in practice see that they are deprived of their water resources, which is a strong stand of Ethiopia.

  12. Sam

    Egyptians should not be confused by the media hype or distrortion. Ethiopia did only change the path this time to build the dam, the water goes back to its route once it travelled few kilometers. Once the dam is built the storage will not take place immediately but gradually in years as Ethiopia has to let part of the water to flow for Sudan and Egypt. This will take care of their water requirement. Morsi has taken the best stand for Egypts’ sake as well, he needs to see the results of the committee.

    Ethiopians are contributing to finance the dam and the government has part of the money alloted and no israel or USA are involved in here, apart from keeping from interfering, unlike the previous periods. Ethiopia, eventhough it has the right to use its resources, will never take an action that deprives Egypt or Sudan their water need, rather wants to share this precious resource fairly. So Egyptian brothers and sisters should cool down. War is never a solution. It is the 21st century and Ethiopia can successfully defend itself, if not return an eye for an eye. Ethiopians now are morethan ever united and will stand, despite any level of investment to divide them.

    1. Etyopiyawiw

      Dear brothers and sisters in Egypt please think of sharing and don’t be greedy. Draw lessons from our Dear Brothers and Sisters in the Sudan. The Renaissance Dam is beneficial not only for Ethiopia but for our good neighbors too. When you think of war please remember that even the renowned world power could only achieve defeat when it tried to conquer Ethiopia, even in those old times when Ethiopia had not have modern arms and techniques. Please don’t think about a military action, even as a last resort; and the result is obvious and Egypt will lose all. We don’t rely on Israel or the U.S. America but we Ethiopians stand as one and we are ready to die for our dignity. God is always with us. We are peaceful people and our only enemy is poverty. Please don’t impede us to fight our enemy. Egypt is not our enemy; but if it turns to be our enemy, then it will be a nightmare for itself.

      To the Media: –
      Please don’t fuel anger among the common people. Don’t take only Egypt’s interest as central issue and every country has its own interest and we should find a common ground. It is not rational to think of living at the cost of others death; or to become rich at the cost of others poverty.

      It is my sincere hope and wish that at the end trust will reign and we all will be winners.

      1. Tedros

        Ethiopiyawiwe , I agree with you 100%. A win – win solution is the most important. Ethiopia and Egypt and the rest of the basin countries should benefit. But the thing is that it is very new thing for Egyptians that Ethiopia confidently and without fear stands for its rights. So it will take a bit of time until Egypt recognizes that Ethiopia, unlike the previous times, is and will stand for its right. Either through win-win approach which is very preferable , or through building the dam by ignoring the dog’s barking.

  13. nahom

    It is our right to use the resource nile but we never ever want to harm our bro&sis of the nebouring country esp egipytians,declaring war is not solution we have to discus,use card if necessory other wise the war will harm egypt than ethiopia don’t know our army “abay/nile is our blood! the new dam will be our heart!”

  14. Abay Admasu

    Building dam is nothing cause harm. It’s just the water flow like as before except some reserve. Addition why Egypt think like bad since this water is enough for all of us. If not why they anger by our resources. Why Egyptian collect money from their channel when international ships passes through bcoz the channel is their property. Like that why not they pay to us if any shortage. Anyhow thinking like what currently Egyptian think totally unacceptable.

  15. abel

    thank u z writer for fair report. But every body should know its our natural right 2 use nile as we want. What a facken moral is saying ethiopians should always die with famine while others are eating our bread? We r saying lets use together while egiptians r trying 2 comand our resource. We are ready to pay a life sucrification! WE DO NOT FEAR WAR, WE ARE THE BEST WARIORS, SINCE WE ARE NOT TRYING TO ROB OTHERS RESOURSE GOD IS ALWAYS WITH US.

    1. my

      Dear Egyptians,
      Would any one mention the volume of water being flown to Mediterianian Sea?
      Why don’t u monitor that if you are so capable? And do you think that The Great Renaisance Dam holds above that?unless u want to understand,once the DAM is full,the flow of Nile is as before (No change).
      It is no longer secret that the bad writers in Egypt are the opesition parties.
      By nature we Ethiopians need good relationship with our neighbors.We belive in negotiations too.

      But we need u to know that we will pay what is required.

    1. Mearig

      The Ethiopian- Egyptian War: 1874 –1876

      Egypt emerged as a powerful force in Africa during the latter stages of the decline of the Ottoman (Turkish) Empire. In the second half of the 19th century, an ambitious and energetic new Khedive negotiated with the Ottomans to take control of Egypt. He intended to create an Egyptian African empire by swallowing up Sudan and Ethiopia.
      For this purpose he recruited a large army staffed with European officers and Confederate officers from the American Civil War which had ended 10 years earlier. These officers were sent to Ethiopia, and the following accounts of the Battles of Gundet and Gura are drawn in large part from their diaries and other notes. The accounts are extracted from an article published in the Journal African Affairs in 193x by A.E. Robinson This account is useful as it presents a different perspective on the Ethiopia-Egypt conflict. Other accounts of these battles from Ethiopian and other sources can be found in the biography of Ras Alula and in general histories of Ethiopia.
      Note: The battle sites of Gundet and Gura are both located within present-day Eritrea. Eritrea did not exist at the time. It is currently the fashion in Eritrea to hack out a separate Eritrean identity from the broader current of Ethiopian history. Therefore this period of history is ignored or deliberately twisted by Eritrean historians, and most of the younger Eritreans have no idea about it.
      Gundet: 1875
      Note: Colonel Kirkham was a British officer who was contracted to help train the Ethiopian soldiers. Munzinger was a Swiss adventurer who was in the service of Egypt.
      In December 1874, a force of 1,200 [Egyptian] troops from Kassala, under the command of Munzinger, occupied Keren, but as protests were lodged, he withdrew. A skeleton garrison was however, left for the protection of the Roman Catholic mission (so it was said), although for nearly forty years, they had managed without such measures.
      Owing to the presence of Turco-Egyptian troops within what he regarded as the Ethiopian frontier, Colonel Kirkham entrenched a force of Ethiopians at Ginda.
      During the month of October, Colonel Arendup with an Egyptian force occupied Ginda without resistance. Arendup then hoisted the Turkish ensign. Colonel Arendup sent the Naib Muhammad of Arkiko to King John of Ethiopia with a message (which in reality constituted an ultimatum), whereby the immediate delimitation of the frontier was demanded. King John imprisoned the messenger, who occupied the unenviable position of being tributary to both the Turks and Ethiopians in respect to all custom duties he collected on imports and exports.
      Meantime, reports reached the Ethiopians that the Gallabat garrison had been reinforced by the Egyptians, and had crossed the frontier into Ethiopian territory en-route to Gondar. This force was probably that of Munzinger Pasha, which marched from Kassala to Danakil country. It consisted of about 2,000 men, and would pass through Agordat and via the Mereb, near to Adowa. This force was ambushed, and Munzinger and nearly all his followers were killed on November 7th by Danakil tribesmen. There were practically no survivors reported.
      On November 14th , Colonel Arendup’s force was attacked at Gundet, to which place it had advanced on the road to Adowa. His column consisted of 2,500 infantry, armed with Remington rifles, and 12 mountain guns. There were a number of European and American officers under his command.
      Possibly due to overconfidence at the occupation of Ginda without any resistance, Colonel Arendup was unprepared for an attack, and the fact that the Ethiopians commenced firing with rifles was a complete surprise. His force was practically annihilated, despite the personal bravery of its commander. Among those killed were Colonel Arendup, Arakel Bey Nubar (nephew of the Egyptian Prime Minister), Count Zichy, and Rustem Bey. An American officer collected the survivors, and with Rauf Bey and Major Dornholtz, managed to reach Massowah.
      For comparison, Haggai Erlich provides the following, more detailed description of the Battle of Gundet, based largely on a Ge’ez biography of Ras Alula written over 100 years ago.
      “On 14 November, Alula crossed the Mereb river and immediately engaged forward Egyptian posts. The main Ethiopian army under the emperor (Yohannis IV) crossed the river on the night of 15-16 November. Meanwhile, Shalaqa Alula had disengaged his forces; he had completed a flanking action from the west against troops advancing from Addi Quala; and had appeared in the Egyptian rear, blocking their line of retreat. “
      “On the morning of 16 November 1875, the Egyptians found themselves surrounded in a steep valley, and the battle soon turned into a massacre from which only a few of the 3,000 Egyptians managed to escape. Two thousand two hundred Remington rifles and sixteen cannons were captured by the Ethiopians, who lost some 550 dead and 400 wounded. Among the latter of whom was Alula’s brother Basha Tessema, whose wound remained unhealed for a long period.”
      Gura: 1876
      Note: After the defeat at Gundet, the Egyptians sent another, much larger force to attack Ethiopia in 1876. The Egyptians advanced to Gura and built a fort there.
      On November 6th and 7th, the Egyptians were attacked by the Ethiopian army, (which was estimated at 60,000 men) and surrounded. Most of the Ethiopians were armed with firearms, and although they had only one field-gun, it is said to have had no effect in deciding the action.
      The accounts of the American officers are silent on the point; but it is said that Rateb Pasha allowed his views to be overruled by Loring Pasha, who insisted on the ramps of the trenches which had been erected being razed, so that the artillery could have a clear zone of fire.
      The gunners and infantry were enfiladed by the Ethiopians from higher ground, and the slaughter was so great that several regiments became completely demoralized. Those officers who attempted to rally their men and the survivors, were accused generally of joining in the panic, and of cowardice in the field.
      The Egyptian troops and officers were called upon to fight under conditions hitherto unknown to them, and without the benefit of tried and skilled leaders. The result was inevitable. The regiment of Ismail Pasha Kamel stampeded during the action and could not be rallied.
      The Ethiopians followed up their success, and closely invested Fort Gura, which they attacked in force on the 8th and 9th of March.
      On March 10th, Rashid Pasha and Osman Bey Neghib led an attack on the Ethiopians which was repulsed with loss, and both officers were killed while leading their men. From one of the accounts, this attack would appear to have been a sortie from the fort of 5,000 picked troops and artillery (Loring, p. 413).
      The Ethiopians then withdrew to loot the dead and collect the rifles, etc. which the panic-stricken Egyptian troops had abandoned. Most of the artillery was lost, as well as considerable quantities of rifle ammunition.
      After the withdrawal of the Ethiopians, the Egyptian troops got entirely out of hand, and burnt the dead and wounded enemies. The Ethiopians retaliated by a cold-blooded massacre of about 600 prisoners whom they had taken. Among these prisoners killed were Dr. Muhammad Ali Pasha and Neghib Bey Muhammad. Dr. Badr (who had been educated in Edinburgh) escaped by the assistance of an Ethiopian girl who discovered him, wounded.
      On March 12th, an amnesty was arranged, and Monsieur Sarzac (the French consul at Massowah) went over the battlefield… the survivors of the Egyptian army were collected, and reached Massowah in May.
      [Note: The battle of Gura ended Egypt’s ambitions against Ethiopia. Two of the captured Egyptian cannon can still be seen at Aksum]

      1. sewagegnehu

        thanks bro …we left 2000 year in war in all of wars we never lost .in all of the wars were because of others who tries to take our interest . at this time also we we are prepared if the egyptians tries to take our interest .mursi is using the dam to attract the interest of the people. i adviss him to take adiplomatic relation ship as a long term solytion.